react native-tutorial

React Native vs React

Technologies created and maintained by Meta and the community include React and React Native, which are both incredibly popular and widely utilised (formerly Facebook). Both of these technologies are distinct and have different uses, while sharing the same names and origins.

What Is the Difference Between React JS and React Native?

Let’s first define the essential idea before moving forward.

React Native uses React to construct mobile apps, whereas React is targeted towards web development. To make React Native’s goal of numerous platforms a reality, Meta and the community have expanded this technology to desktop and virtual reality.

Specifying the Major Difference:

Architecture

The architectural layout of React Native and React is one of the main distinctions between the two. Virtual DOM is used by React. React simplifies this by making it simple for the pages to be rendered with updated or altered subcomponents.

React builds an in-memory data structure cache, calculates the difference, and then modifies the DOM of the browser. React is incredibly quick thanks to this selective rendering of modified subcomponents. Reconciliation is the name of this process.

This is not how React Native functions. Through the Virtual DOM, it does not modify the DOM. Instead, it operates as a background process and uses an asynchronous bridge to send serialised data to the native platform.

Library vs Framework:

ReactJS is a library, not the entire framework, therefore they are not the same thing. React is essentially a JavaScript toolkit for building a slick, effective, and interesting UI layer for an application. It is made especially for creating user interfaces. The technology, called React Native, focuses on creating cross-platform apps.

JavaScript can be used to create native apps on the React Native framework.

Animations: Animations are one of the differences between React js and React native. Using JavaScript and CSS libraries, React provides more animations. On the other hand, React Native relies on an API and an integrated library for animation.

User Interface

HTML tags are not used in React Native. JavaScript threads are utilised in React Native to control native views, and nearly every HTML tag has a corresponding React Native component.

On the other hand, React makes use of HTML tags. Utilizing ReactDOM, ReactJS renders HTML to the web page. React makes it simpler to build or add HTML by utilising JSX, JavaScript XML.

Styling

React Native styling offers a syntax that is similar to CSS for styling elements, whereas ReactJS uses CSS for styling.

JavaScript and StyleSheet can be used in React Native to style your applications. An abstraction like CSS stylesheets is a stylesheet.

Security

React JS offers higher security than React Native because the latter uses native APIs to create cross-platform apps and render platform-specific views.

React Native vs. React: Benefits and Drawbacks

So that you can better understand their use and applications, let’s now look at both of these technologies’ benefits and drawbacks.

Benefits of React

  • Powerful JavaScript framework for designing gorgeous user interfaces
  • Faster web app development thanks to reusable components
  • Speedy web applications
  • Strong community backing
  • Simple to use and learn
  • Architecture based on components
  • More libraries and extensions in a wide variety
  • SEO-friendly features
  • Quicker website loading
  • Data binding that is one-way (unidirectional)

Benefits of React Native

  • Compatibility across platforms
  • To create native apps, use JavaScript
  • Hot Reloading to see changes right away
  • Quicker and more effective UI development
  • Separating concerns using a modular design
  • Dependable, adaptable, and platform-neutral
  • Simple access to pre-built components and third-party libraries
  • A sizable development community
  • Each technology or framework has advantages and disadvantages. Let’s examine each’s restrictions.

Drawbacks of React

  • The fact that it is only a library and not a fully functional framework, and that it constantly evolves and changes, requiring developers to constantly learn new skills.
  • Inadequate documentation
  • Due to its complexity, JSX is not widely used by developers.

Drawbacks of React Native?

  • Troubleshooting problems caused by various environments compatibility of packages
  • Insufficient custom modules
  • There is still a need for native resources.
  • Incline learning curve
  • JavaScript’s low level of security and the use of a few libraries and premade components

Which Is Better, React Native or Reactjs?

Given that both of these technologies are used differently, the answer is pretty obvious. Strong, dependable, and feature-rich online applications are built with React, and cross-platform app development is done with React Native, which is based on React.

Modern, scalable web and mobile apps are frequently made using React and React Native, which power many well-known applications.

The popularity of JavaScript for frontend development has grown significantly as a result of React. Contributions from prominent international organisations and individuals help to support it.

One of the largest open-source communities in the development industry works to accelerate, optimise, and secure app development.

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