Difference between Linux , Windows , Unix and Mac os
|Sr. No.||Windows||Mac os||Linux|
|1||Windows is not open source and is not free to use.||Mac is not open source and is not free to use. ||Linux is Open Source and is free to use.|
|2||Runs in all types of computer system||To run this os specific system requirements needed||Runs in all types of computer system|
|3||Windows uses a micro kernel.|
The macOS kernel is officially known as XNU. The acronym stands for “XNU is Not Unix.”
|Linux uses a monolithic kernel.|
|4||Windows is less efficient in operations.||macOS is more efficient in operations as compared to Linux.||Linux is more efficient in operations as compared to Windows.|
Difference between Linux and Unix:
Some people think Unix and Linux as synonyms, but that’s not true. Many operating systems were developed to be like Unix but none of them got the popularity as Linux. Linux is the clone of Unix. It has several features similar to Unix, still has some key differences. Before Linux and Windows, the computer world was dominated by Unix. Unix is a copyrighted name and IBM AIX, HP-UX, and Sun Solaris are the only Unix operating systems that remained till date.
|Linux is Open Source and is free to use.||It is an operating system that can be only used by its copyrighters.|
|Linux is in great demand. Anyone can use Linux whether a home user or a developer.||It was developed mainly for servers, workstations, and mainframes.|
|Linux is used everywhere from servers, PC, smartphones, and tablets to mainframes and supercomputers.||It is used in servers, workstations and PCs.|
|Linux is freely distributed, downloaded, and distributed through magazines also. And priced distros of Linux are also cheaper than Windows.||Unix copyright vendors decide on different costs for their respective Unix Operating systems.|
|As it is open-source, it is developed by sharing and collaboration of codes by worldwide developers.||Initially it was command based OS, but later Common Desktop Environment is present now. Most Unix distributions use Gnome.|
|Linux supports more file system than Unix.||It also supports file system but lesser than Linux.|
Comparison Table between Linux and Mac:
|It is an open-source operating system|
It is an operating system developed by Apple Inc.
|Linux is used as an operating system, as a server, and provide a platform to run other application.||Mac is an operating system that provides a platform to run other applications; it is used as an Operating system of Macintosh.|
|Linux is open-source; a developer can download and modify the kernel of it according to the requirement can distribute.||Mac Operating system is simple but powerful. Graphical user interface Mac Provides easy use to users.|
|Driver issue is the biggest issue in Linux os because its supports different types of hardware.||Mac os runs over in a specific configuration. So driver issue is not there. But hardware upgrade is a difficult task.|
|Linux has come in 1991||It was developed in 1984|
Linux is an open-source operating system that can be used without paying money if needs support, then you have to pay money to distribute Linux, Provides facilities to change the content of Linux and redistribute, security features of Linux attracts the company to use it as the server that is the reason most of the companies uses Linux as their server. Distributes Companies of Linux provide support for this.
Mac OS is a product of Apple company for Macintosh series computer to use Mac OS you have to pay big Amount of money to buy, It is paid product so lost Out of box features and supported provided by the Company Having nice graphical user interface to use to individual users, Games, apps, applications available for use. it is good for individual use; IOS development also is done on Mac OS.